Agriculture Water Pump 101: Liquid Transfer Pump Buying Guide
Sep 22nd 2022
Are you in need of a new agriculture water pump? If you are, then you know liquid transfer pumping is a fantastic solution for moving large volumes of water. In the right conditions, a transfer pump's capacity can be enough to transfer water at a rate equal to several standard-sized wells.
But, this comes with its challenges as well. With so many variables involved, selecting the proper type of liquid transfer pump can be confusing and challenging.
This article will explain what liquid transfer pumps are and how to choose the right one for you. Read on and learn what you need to know when purchasing liquid transfer pumps.
Agriculture Water Pumps for Liquid Transfer
Liquid transfer pumps are devices for transporting water. Because they can transport water from the source to the fields and crops, they are essential to agriculture.
A hose, sprinklers, or other types of irrigation can work with water pumps, as well. Water pumps come in several types. They range from basic manual pumps to ones propelled by electricity or fossil fuels.
How Do Liquid Pumps Work?
Water pumps can function in many ways, but in their most basic form, they contain three primary components: an intake, a pump system, and an outlet. When there is a pressure difference inside the pump system, water gets pushed into the pump through the intake side. This is because it wants to go from a region of high pressure to low pressure.
This will transfer the water from the pump's inlet side into a hose that will carry it to where you need it. Transfer pumps are often utilized for higher flow rates, transfer activities in tank filling (such as with booms and nursing tanks), bulk water moving, and removing water from flooded areas.
For high volume purposes, these pumps have larger inlet and output diameters and corresponding GPM capacities. Transfer pumps are also perfect for moving suspended semi-solid solution fluids in bulk for sanitary and waste applications due to their larger pump openings.
Types of Liquid Sprayer Pumps
It's important to know the available pumps, their operating requirements, and any potential issues with fluid-to-material compatibility. Make sure to know this information so you can choose the best sprayer pump for the task.
There are six spray pump types for the agricultural business today. Centrifugal, roller, diaphragm, piston, transfer, and irrigation-injection pumps are the six most prevalent types. So, before selecting the one you need to know the following:
- The general purpose of your pump
- Any unique pump requirements for the task
- The suitability of the gasket and pump materials with the spray fluid and/or any extra chemicals
- The proper pump's operation requirements, orientation, size, installation, power source, and plumbing GPM and PSI pressure
Choosing the Right Transfer Pump
You can use different liquids with transfer pumps. While dense liquids like oil need sophisticated pumps, thin liquids like water can move with simple pumps. When selecting a transfer pump, you should keep two aspects in mind; what type of work will you use the transfer pump for and what size pump will you need.
Examine a pump's specs and compare them to the requirements for power, liquid volume, and temperature of the task you intend to use it for. Priming the outlet and inlet pumps, attaching the water suction attachment, and turning on the pump's power source are the steps required to start a transfer pump.
You should place the pump in a dry region. Since most transfer pumps are non-submersible, you shouldn't use them in steamy saunas, running showers, or other wet environments. A transfer pump needs positioning as close to the liquid and the power sources as possible for the greatest efficiency.
So, cord length is crucial to take into account together with moisture when selecting a transfer pump. The basic characteristics of transfer pumps vary. This includes their maximum temperature settings, priming options, and fitting settings, and they come in a variety of forms and power options.
How to Size a Water Pump
Making sure the water pump is the suitable size is the next step in choosing the right one. The GPM/PSI ratings, water and hose inlet/outlet sizes, total head lift, or the height of the water pumped by measuring in vertical feet, and the horizontal water pumping distance, are the most crucial considerations for sizing a water pump.
Important Ratings to Look Out For
When sizing any liquid pumps, the suction head (SH), total head lift (THL), and gallons per minute (GPM) rates are all crucial measurements to utilize as a reference since they reveal how much water the pump can move and how quickly it can do so. The vertical distance pumped from the water source to the pump is the suction head.
The higher the level you need to pump the water, the harder your pump fights the gravity working against it. For applications such as emptying ponds or deep wells, this value is especially crucial.
The overall height between the water source and the final location is known as the total head lift. You can use this value to evaluate the "power" of a pump's ability to transport water across a distance. The number of gallons the pump moves in a minute is measured in gallons per minute.
Required Pump Application GPM
When selecting liquid sprayer pumps based on operating GPM, it is important to understand the specifics of the pump's job application, as well as possibly the total volume of spray fluid being spread and the flow rate of the system attachments. Sprayer pump GPMs are benchmark figures for pump performance, based on unrestricted water pumping.
Any departure from this norm could affect pump GPM output. The pump GPM rate rises with fluids with a specific gravity less than water and falls with denser spray fluids. Actual GPM flow can also be decreased by pump constraints.
Examples include system add-ons (such as tank agitators) and the GPM draw that the system piping experiences. To maximize pump GPM, the fluid should be directed to spray nozzles with low-pressure attachments.
The Right Transfer Pump Makes a Difference
If you need help choosing the right sprayer pump, we can help! Barndoor Ag has the broad range of pumps you're looking for. So, when you need a high-quality agriculture water pump or other agricultural machinery that will last a long time and work on even the most difficult tasks, we have you covered.
Contact us or check out our Barn Blog for helpful information. Our staff is happy to assist you if you have any questions about our products or services.